Neolithic Stone Hand Drilled Bead First Jewellery x3

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Seller: darwins_origin_of_the_species (1.074) 100%, Location: Swindon, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 323895068895 NEOVENATOR Possibly the UK's biggest killer dinosaur. It once roamed the areas of Southern England around 120 million years ago, preying on the herds of Iguanodon and also, I would imagine, the numerous long necked sauropods that were around at this time. It is related to the T-Rex busting Carcharodontosaurus. THIS IS A GENUINE SET OF ANCIENT ARTEFACTS NEOLITHIC STONE BEAD JEWELLERY Period: Neolithic / Early Bronze Age (Caspian Tradition) Age: circa 3,000 years BC Material: Silica rich rocks Location: Sahara desert, North Africa Relaxing in the comforts of our own homes, it is easy to forget how hard life must have been 5,000 to 3,000 years ago. We can only try to appreciate the conditions that these 'stone age' people had to face. But, by attempting to compare the documentaries about certain lost tribes, like those of the Kalahari bush men and the Australian aborigines, it gives us a brief insight in to the possible lives of these ancient people. A lot of people say that modern man has lost some of his primitive instincts and senses over time e.g. the ability to make contact with the 'spirit world' etc. These are all fascinating subjects in their own right, but the craftsmanship in preparing a small piece of stone with such precision, such as this arrowhead, with only the use of primitive implements is incredible. I think we severely underestimate our ancestors too often. But first, a bit about the way they were made and the people that made them:- Tool & Stone Production: In order to achieve the desired implement, different methods of manufacture were used. But first, the selection of the finest materials was required. Neolithic man was very particular about the type of materials he used. In deed, he went to great lengths to obtain these. In Norfolk, Grimes Caverns, near Weeting, there are Neolithic mine shafts in the chalk cliffs where a particular high grade flint was mined, despite other, easier accessible flint veins being present. From this raw material, the stone was prepared into a 'core' and this is referred to as 'dressing'. From this core, various assortments of stone tools could be made such as knives, spears, arrowheads and also axe-heads or 'celts'. Dressing involved the use of 'flaking tools' and a process called 'knapping'. A piece of bone, antler or stone employed as a hammer was used for this purpose. The 'knapper' would generally use a stone far larger than the tool or 'core' he was creating. There are planes of weakness within every rock (even in homogeneous materials like flint) and an experienced 'knapper' would take advantage of these. He would first tap the stone in order to identify the planes of weakness and then strike the surface at a desired angle in order to exploit it. Using a freshly cleaved face as a striking platform, he then strikes off a series of long parallel-sided flakes. Depending on how these flakes are made, sharp edged blades would be used as knives and the arrowheads would be worked further from a single flake. Direct and indirect 'percussion' and 'pressure flaking' would have been used to obtain the desired effect (see below for descriptions). Checking neolithic worked pieces, you will notice points of percussion where the stone was stuck and some items may exhibit 'bulbs of percussion' where the stone is left with a 'fan shaped' mark where the striking pressure was applied. Some may also show a 'bulbar scar' where the stone was left with a shatter mark from a waste flake. Using a magnifying glass will help identify some of these features. This example would have been worked to a particular shape then worn down using abrasive stones in order to achieve a smooth outer surface. A lot of time and effort went into shaping this individual stone - which is mainly quartz - so very hard to work. Location: This artefact comes from the Sahara Desert, North West Africa. More than likely, this item would have been collected form a deserted settlement. The time when this item was last used, the landscape was a lot more hospitable than today's desert conditions. The area was forested with lakes and rivers and a lot of 'game' to support a nomadic hunter-gatherer existence. Because this item has been picked up in isolation, it is impossible to predict the exact age that it comes from, but it is in keeping with the Caspian Tradition of this Neolithic culture. Notes: Direct percussion: Using a stone (or other implement) to hit the surface directly. Indirect percussion: Using a stone (or other implement) to hit a chisel like tool (e.g. an antler) to strike the surface. Pressure flaking: The flake is held in the hand and a piece of bone (or other implement) is held in the other hand. The bone is used to put direct pressure on the edges of the arrow and 'nibble' away pieces to create a sharp edge. Stone Polishing: There were various methods used in polishing the surfaces of worked pieces. Different types of abrasive stones may have been used to give the desired effect. d ARTEFACT DETAILS: Stone Bead: This set of beads measure upto approx. 0.9 cm in diameter (for the biggest) and would have been strung on a piece of cord for oramentation. One of the first types of Jewellery! Hours of work has been used to shape these single pieces of jewellery. It would have been hand drilled using a bow and piece of bone/antler to pierce the centre. The stone would normally have been drilled from both ends in order to quicken the process (shown well in one of theese examples). Artefacts such as these confirm man's progression in his/her evolution. Body paint, tatoos and jewellery are all methods of confirming a person's identity... and these small artefacts just goes to show how important that was at this time and also the time that would have been spent in creating them. A fantastic addition to anyone's ancient stone tools collection. Please note that I can combine items. Material: Stone

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